Little known facts

Population Facts

1. According to Census 2001, the child population in the age group 0-6 is 75,952,104 females per 81,911,041 males.

2. The literacy percentage in India is 54.16 females to 75.85 males.

3. Percentage decadal variation in population: 1901-11 to 1991-2001 is 5.75 in 1901-1911 to 21.34 in 1991-2001.

4. According to these estimates, there are nearly 800 million illiterate adults in the world, representing 18 per cent of the adult population.

5. Developed countries and countries in transition have literacy rates close to 99 per cent, and together account for just 1.3 per cent of the world's illiterate people

6. About a quarter of the adult population of the developing world is illiterate

7. Over 70 per cent of the world's illiterate adults (562 million persons) live in nine countries. About half live in India.

8. The latest available estimates indicate that there are nearly 137 million illiterate youth in the world (17 per cent of all illiterate adult).

9. Some 85 million of them (63 per cent) are female.

10. Women represent the majority of the working poor in all regions.

11. Out of the 550 million working poor in the world, an estimated 330 million, or 60 per cent, are women.

12. The number of women in national parliaments continues to increase, but no country in the world has yet reached gender parity

13. Since the early 1990s, women's share of seats in parliament has steadily increased. Nevertheless, women still hold only 16 per cent of seats worldwide.

14. Reproductive health conditions – including HIV/AIDS - are the leading cause of death and illness in women worldwide (15-44 years of age), and the second leading cause of death and illness when both men and women of reproductive age are taken into account.

15. An estimated 529,000 women died from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in 2000.

16. Lack of access to family planning is a major factor behind the 76 million unintended pregnancies every year in the developing world. 4 These lead to 19 million annual unsafe abortions, causing some 68,000 deaths.

17. Of the 130 million babies born every year, about 4 million die in the first 4 weeks of life—the neonatal period.12

18. Newborn deaths account for nearly 40 percent of all deaths in children under five. Within the neonatal period, mortality is very high in the first 24 hours after birth.13

19. In the developing world, the total fertility rate – average number of births per woman – has fallen from over 6 in the 1960s to under 3 per woman today.23

20. Of the 17 million women between the ages of 15 and 49 are living with HIV, 98 per cent live in developing countries

21. Of the over 1 billion youth (ages 15-24) worldwide, some 10 million are living with HIV: 1 every day, an estimated 6,000 youth are infected with the virus.

22. One-third of all women living with HIV are between the ages of 15 and 24.

23. Nearly half of the world's population (almost 3 billion people) is under the age of 25.

24. Over 500 million youth live on less than $2 per day. Some 238 million, or 22.5 per cent of the world's youth live in extreme poverty, on less than $1 dollar per day

25. Every year, some 14 million adolescent girls (15-19 years) give birth.

26. Nearly 50 per cent of all sexual assaults worldwide are against girls 15 years or younger. 7

27. High numbers of young women report that their first sexual experience was coerced. 8

28. Population-based studies report that from 12 to 25 per cent of women have experienced attempted or completed forced sex by an intimate partner or ex-partner at some time in their lives.

29. In Asia, at least 60 million girls are ‘missing' due to prenatal sex selection, infanticide or neglect

30. About 1 in 4 women are abused during pregnancy, which puts both mother and child at risk

31. Most countries have declared 18 as the minimum legal age of marriage. Despite the sanctions on child marriage, however, more than 100 million girls are expected to marry in the next decade. 1

32. There is a strong correlation between the age of the mother and maternal mortality and morbidity. Girls ages l0-14 are five times more likely to die in pregnancy or childbirth than women aged 20-24. 10 Girls ages 15-19 are twice as likely to die. The vast majority of these deaths take place within marriage. 11